Principles of Anatomy and Physiology Task 1
Pass: Uses information taken from a specialist source to describe the structure and function of the skeletal system in own words.
Merit: Uses information found in different formats from at least 2 specialist sources about the structure and function of the skeletal system and communicates it mostly accurately in own words.
Distinction: Uses information appropriately taken from a wide range of specialist sources, in different formats about the structure and function of the skeletal system and accurately communicates it in own words.
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The learner will:
understand the structure and function of the skeletal system
The learner must:
describe the structure and function of the skeletal system
describe classifications and characteristics of joints
identify types of synovial joints
describe types of joint movement
Learners must describe the structure of the skeletal system, to include:
bone structure (compact and cancellous)
the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton
types of bone (long, short, flat, irregular and sesamoid)
examples of where each type of bone can be located in the skeleton
Learners must be able to locate the major bones of the skeletal system:
cranium, clavicle, ribs, sternum, humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges, scapula,
ilium, pubis, ischium, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals, vertebral column (cervical,
thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, coccyx)
Learners must describe the functions of the skeleton, to include:
attachment for skeletal muscle
source of blood cell production
store of minerals.
Learners must describe the 3 different types of joints found in the skeletal system, to include the
location, structure and movement available:
Learners must describe the following types of synovial joints providing examples of where they can be
ball and socket
Learners must describe the movement available at each synovial joint, such as flexion/extension,
lateral flexion, abduction, adduction, rotation, circumduction, pronation, supination, plantar flexion,
dorsiflexion, inversion and eversion. Specialist sources could include sources of anatomy and
physiology information which are credible eg text/reference books, experts in the field,
This response will be reviewed and graded after submission.